By Enrique Maurtua Konstantinidis and Alison Kirsch
Photo credit: Alison Kirsch
Two of Latin America’s leading climate change networks organized a side event at COP19 in Warsaw, to analyze the climate policies of Brazil, Mexico, and Peru, while also sharing experiences of other countries in the region.
IRIN, the humanitarian news and analysis service of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, has just featured some of our work:
The paper, produced jointly by the International Institute for Environment and Development and the Brown Center for Environmental Studies (at Brown University in the US) analysed mortality data from the Belgium-based Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) from January 1980 to July 2013 in 49 of the LDCs.
They found that 1.28 million people had died in climate-related disasters in those countries alone. From January 2010 to July 2013, the number of deaths “rose to a staggering 67 percent of the world total, reaching 5.5 times the overall global per capita death rate due to climate-related disasters”. One of the biggest events was the drought and famine in East Africa in 2011, which took an estimated 50,000 – 100,000 lives, more than half of them children under five…
“The need for scaled-up finance to support adaptation efforts in the Least Developed Countries has never been greater. Fully funding the implementation of the adaptation plans developed by these countries as part of the NAPA… will have myriad benefits in saving lives, protecting livelihoods, and building resilience against future disasters,” David Ciplet of the Brown Center, one of the authors of the paper, told IRIN.
“At the same time, due to painfully weak action by wealthy countries to mitigate climate change, and to provide adequate funding for adaptation, there are also now climate disasters that cannot be readily adapted to. This transformed global context, and the inequality it exacerbates, necessitates a distinct ‘loss and damage’ mechanism.”
Photo credit Sophie Purdom
By Guy Edwards and Keith Madden
This year Ecuadorian President Rafael Correa terminated the Yasuní-ITT Initiative following the lack of international support. Ecuador proposed to keep 846 million barrels of “oil in the soil” under the Yasuní national park in exchange for compensation from the international community. However, in a country where oil revenues cover over one-third of the national budget, Ecuador’s government decided it could wait no longer for the international community to donate the funds.
Consequently, “Plan B” is now in motion, which will likely see the exploitation of three new oil blocks in the Yasuní national park, roughly 20% of Ecuador’s oil reserves, with an estimated value of $18 billion. At the heart of this shift in national policy is Ecuador’s massive $10 billion debt to China, which is to be repaid in oil. In this context of structural dependence between the two countries, Ecuador’s recent alliance with China at the UN climate change negotiations is perhaps not surprising, but it is of serious concern.
By Olivia Santiago
The International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) has partnered with the Climate and Development Lab to provide a concise document to be presented by the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in the upcoming United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change’s Conference (UNFCCC) of the Parties (COP19). The briefing policy will be used by LDCs to advocate for more equitable and adequate access to finance to mitigate their vulnerability to climate change.
By Guy Edwards and Timmons Roberts
A new coalition between the EU and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) could be just the ticket to rejuvenate the UN climate change negotiations as they enter their third decade next week in Warsaw. This bi-regional partnership can serve as a vehicle to build momentum towards a fair, robust and ambitious agreement. All EU and LAC countries have expressed their will to adopt a new agreement by 2015, and surveys have repeatedly shown that their citizens are very concerned about climate impacts.